An analysis of the process of acquiring treatment and significance of slaves in ancient greece

When did slavery end in greece

Some were enslaved for failure to pay debts, though this was outlawed in Athens in the early sixth century B. A turning point in the debate came with the work of Karl Polanyi who drew on anthropological methods to argue that economies need not be organized according to the independent and self-regulating institutions of a market system. The aforementioned economic trends are traced in an important recent book by David Tandy, who argues that they had a fundamental impact on the development of the social and political organization and values of the Archaic polis. Ancient Greek coins are similar in appearance to modern ones. The preponderance of one mechanism over another shifted from age to age and region to region, but attempts to quantify again lead to controversy and inconclusive results. As it turns out, there were only two noteworthy large-scale rebellions of chattel slaves in the history of ancient Greece. Polanyi, C. The finest, most numerous, and widely dispersed of these were made in Corinth, Aegina, Athens, and Rhodes. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, As more research is done, it may even be necessary to replace the Finley model altogether in favor of one that fits the evidence better. Hornblower and A. The example of African slaves in the American South on the other hand demonstrates that slave populations can multiply. Archaeological evidence and literary references from such works as the epic poems of Homer the Iliad and the Odyssey , the Works and Days of Hesiod, and the works of the lyric poets attest to an economy that was generally small in scale and centered on household production and consumption.

Thus, one recent trend in the scholarship has been to try to revise the Finley model in light of focused studies of particular sectors of the economy at specific times and places. To ensure the demand for its silver, Athens took great care to maintain the reputation of its coinage for high quality and to associate that reputation with a familiar design that went unchanged for several centuries.

In the Greek world revolt is notably attested on the island of Chios at the turn of the fourth century BC. Blacksmiths crafted body armor, shields, spears, swords, farm implements, and household utensils. Argues that the numismatic policies of Athens may indicate a state interest in exports.

The main economic concerns of the governments of the Greek city-states were to maintain harmony within the private economy make laws, adjudicate disputes, and protect private property rightsmake sure that food was available to their citizenries at reasonable prices, and obtain revenue from economic activities through taxes to pay for government expenses.

Agriculture was carried out primarily on small family farms, though the Homeric epics indicate that there were also some larger estates controlled by the elite and worked with the help of free landless thetes whose labor would be needed especially at harvest time.

Slavery in ancient greece primary sources

Although Millett may be right that much of the lending and borrowing in Athens was for consumptive purposes, particularly those secured by landed property, it is hard to deny that the evidence of productive lending and borrowing from banking practices, numerous maritime loans, and even temple loans in the Classical period constitute something more than just exceptions to the rule. One famous example is helotry, known principally from the city-state of Sparta. Trade, Transport, and Society in the Ancient World. In fact, agorai were considered sacred places to the degree that they were marked off with boundary stones across which no one who had the stain of religious pollution could cross. But although these speeches illuminate some aspects of ancient Greek contracts, loans, trade, and other economic activity, one must analyze them with care on account of the biases and distortions inherent in legal speeches. Thus, many exchanges were performed in kind rather than in cash, even though value was always expressed in cash equivalents. Edited by G.

Accommodation and resistance The response of slaves to slavery was complex and multi-faceted. The catalogue extends to Augustine and others in late antiquity, and its extent may be due to supposing that among intellectuals slavery was from time to time a provocative source of debate.

what did slaves wear in ancient greece

The local coinage had to be turned in, melted down, and re-struck as Athenian coinage for a fee. Thus, despite over a century of investigation, scholars are still debating the nature of the ancient Greek economy.

London: Seaby, Collective manumission was possible; an example is known from the 2nd century BC in the island of Thasos.

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Slavery in ancient Greece