A description of camels in dessert mammals

The guard hairs can be felted for use as waterproof coats for the herdsmen, while the softer hair is used for premium goods. There is a wild Bactrian camel that is at extreme risk of becoming extinct. Camels were domesticated more than 3, years ago, and to this day, humans depend on them for transport across arid environments.

A very thirsty animal can drink 30 gallons of water in only 13 minutes. They are feral, or wild, camels and they were dromedary camels that were imported to provide transportation. Camel milk is an important food of the desert nomadic tribes.

what do camels eat

Some 13 months after mating, typically in early spring, the mare bears one, or, occasionally, two calves. The standing height of a Bactrian camel at shoulder ranges from 5.

Camel species

The Dromedary camel and the Bactrian camel are both still used for milk which is more nutritious than cows milk , meat and as beasts of burden an animal that is kept by humans and trained as a working animal , the Dromedary camel in western Asia and the Bactrian camel further to the north and east in central Asia. Camels have outer guard hairs and soft inner down, and the fibers are sorted[ by whom? This allows them to preserve about five litres of water a day. A camel has a naturally adapted temperature regulation - it can change its bodily temperature by six degrees Celsius either way. Head and Neck: Eyes with heavy eyebrows and eyelashes and with see-through third eyelids for protection during sand and dust storms; nostrils with slit-like openings that can be closed tightly for protection; ears with dense hair inside for protection; mouth of exceptional toughness, permitting feeding on coarse plants such as thorny dry shrubs; teeth with canine pairs in upper and lower jaws, permitting chewing of twigs and small branches; neck with enough length to reach vegetation 9 or 10 feet above the ground. Even in San Diego, with its mild winter climate, the camels grow a shaggy winter coat. No other species of camel exist in the wild from about two thousand years. After a gestation of 12 to 14 months, a newborn camel is able to walk beside the mother within half an hour. The two mate once the mare signals her readiness by kneeling on her four legs.

The average life expectancy of a camel is 30 to 50 years. The size of the hump can change, depending on the amount of food the camel eats. The herds are led by a dominant male, while many of the other males form their own herd called a bachelor herd.

Dromedary camel facts

Camels differ from ruminants in several ways. They have become a pest because they are eating the natural vegetation. Offspring After a gestation of 12 to 14 months, a mother camel will find a private spot to have her young. This hair works as a shield against the dust and sand. Habits Camels like to stay together in groups called herds. A dromedary camel, Dune, serves as an animal ambassador. Two rows of long lashes also protect their eyes. The two outer eyelids have eyelashes while the innermost eyelid does not have lashes. They also have hairs in the opening of the ear to help stop blowing sand from filling up their ears. With help from the Wild Camel Protection Foundation, China and Mongolia have set aside reserves as protected habitats, not only for the wild Bactrian camel, but for a wide range of threatened Gobi Desert animals and plants.

A friendly way one camel may greet another is by blowing in its face. Together we can save and protect wildlife around the globe. Large, tough lips enable them to pick at dry and thorny desert vegetation.

types of camels
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Camel Facts, Information & Worksheets For Kids